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Loss of Biodiversity and Extinctions — Global Issues

Biodiversity loss and extinction are a result of human actions, with the current extinction rate approaching 1,000 times the background rate. Deforestation, climate change, and habitat loss threaten numerous species, including reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Ocean acidification also poses a threat to marine ecosystems. The loss of forests, which make up the habitat of many endangered species, leads to a significant decrease in biodiversity. Although there are attempts to promote sustainable forestry, the drive for profits often supersede environmental concerns. The illegal timber trade only exacerbates this problem. However, it is important to recognize that not all societies are equally responsible for deforestation, and indigenous people often have beneficial knowledge geared towards respecting the ecosystems around them.

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